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# Arithmetic Operators in  1 exercise

### Operators

Go supports many standard arithmetic operators:

Operator Example
`+` `4 + 6 == 10`
`-` `15 - 10 == 5`
`*` `2 * 3 == 6`
`/` `13 / 3 == 4`
`%` `13 % 3 == 1`

For integer division, the remainder is dropped (e.g. `5 / 2 == 2`).

### Arithmetic operations on different types

In many languages you can perform arithmetic operations on different types of variables, but in Go this gives an error. For example:

``````var x int = 42

// this line produces an error
value := float32(2.0) * x // invalid operation: mismatched types float32 and int

// you must convert int type to float32 before performing arithmetic operation
value := float32(2.0) * float32(x)
``````

### Shorthand Assignments

These can be used in shorthand assignments to update and assign a variable using the operator:

``````a := 1
a += 2 // same as a = a + 2 == 3

b := 2
b -= 2 // same as b = b - 2 == 0

c := 4
c *= 2 // same as c = c * 2 == 8

d := 8
d /= 2 // same as d = d / 2 == 4

e := 16
e %= 2 // same as e = e % 2 == 0
``````

### Increment and Decrement

There are also two special statements: increment (`++`) and decrement (`--`). They modify the value of a variable by increasing (or decreasing) the value by 1. For example:

``````a := 10
a++ // same as a += 1, a == 11

b := 10
b-- // same as b -= 1, b == 9
``````

NOTE: these are statements and cannot be used as expressions (ie. they do not return a value). Also, only the postfix notation is allowed (ie. no `++a` or `--a`). Edit via GitHub 