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Rotational Cipher
Rotational Cipher

Rotational Cipher

Medium

Instructions

Rotational Cipher, also known as Caesar Cipher. It's one of the simplest and most widely known encryption techniques. It is a type of substitution cipher where each letter in the plaintext is replaced by a letter in a position down the alphabet depending on the value of the key. For example, with a rotation of 3, D would be replaced by A, B would be replaced by E, and so on. The cipher is named after Julius Caesar, who used it in his private correspondences.

Task

Create an implementation of the Rotational Cipher.

The Caesar cipher is a simple shift cipher that relies on transposing all the letters in the alphabet using an integer key between 0 and 26. Using a key of 0 or 26 will always yield the same output due to modular arithmetic. The letter is shifted for as many values as the value of the key.

The general notation for rotational ciphers is ROT + <key>. The most commonly used rotational cipher is ROT13.

A ROT13 on the Latin alphabet would be as follows:

Plain:  abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Cipher: nopqrstuvwxyzabcdefghijklm

It is stronger than the Atbash cipher because it has 27 possible keys, and 25 usable keys.

Ciphertext is written out in uppercase and in the same formatting as the input including spaces and punctuation.

Examples

  • ROT5 omg gives TRL
  • ROT0 c gives C
  • ROT26 Cool gives COOL
  • ROT13 The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. gives GUR DHVPX OEBJA SBK WHZCF BIRE GUR YNML QBT.
  • ROT13 Gur dhvpx oebja sbk whzcf bire gur ynml qbt. gives THE QUICK BROWN FOX JUMPS OVER THE LAZY DOG.

Source

WikipediaThe link opens in a new window or tab
Last updated 30 November 2022
Edit via GitHub The link opens in a new window or tab
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