string in Go is an immutable sequence of bytes, which don't necessarily have to represent characters.
A string literal is defined between double quotes:
const name = "Jane"
Strings can be concatenated via the
"Jane" + " " + "Austen" // => "Jane Austen"
Some special characters need to be escaped with a leading backslash, such as
\t for a tab and
\n for a new line in strings.
"How is the weather today?\nIt's sunny" // => // How is the weather today? // It's sunny
strings package contains many useful functions to work on strings.
For more information about string functions, check out the strings package documentation.
Here are some examples:
import "strings" // strings.ToLower returns the string given as argument with all its characters lowercased strings.ToLower("MaKEmeLoweRCase") // => "makemelowercase" // strings.Repeat returns a string with a substring given as argument repeated many times strings.Repeat("Go", 3) // => "GoGoGo"
There is an appliance store called "Tech Palace" nearby. The owner of the store recently installed a big display to use for marketing messages and to show a special greeting when customers scan their loyalty cards at the entrance. The display consists of lots of small LED lights and can show multiple lines of text.
The store owner needs your help with the code that is used to generate the text for the new display.
For most customers who scan their loyalty cards, the store owner wants to see
Welcome to the Tech Palace, followed by the name of the customer in capital letters on the display.
Implement the function
WelcomeMessage that accepts the name of the customer as a
string argument and returns the desired message as a
WelcomeMessage("Judy") // => Welcome to the Tech Palace, JUDY
For loyal customers that buy a lot at the store, the owner wants the welcome display to be more fancy by adding a line of stars before and after the welcome message. They are not sure yet how many stars should be in the lines so they want that to be configurable.
Write a function
AddBorder that accepts a welcome message (a
string) and the number of stars per line (type
int) as arguments.
It should return a
string that consists of 3 lines, a line with the desired number of stars, then the welcome message as it was passed in, then another line of stars.
Should return the following:
********** Welcome! **********
Before installing this new display, the store had a similar display that could only show non-configurable, static lines. The owner would like to reuse some of the old marketing messages on the new display. However, the data already includes a star border and some unfortunate whitespaces. Your task is to clean up the messages so they can be re-used.
Implement a function
CleanUpMessage that accepts the old marketing message as a string.
The function should first remove all stars from the text and afterwards remove the leading and trailing whitespaces from the remaining text.
The function should then return the cleaned up message.
message := ` ************************** * BUY NOW, SAVE 10% * ************************** ` CleanUpMessage(message) // => BUY NOW, SAVE 10%
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